Saturday 30 November 2013

Spandan of Kolkata.

Address: 1/1, Lala Lajpat Rai Sarani, AJC Bose Rd, Maidan, Kolkata, WB 700020

Opened: September 2, 1985

Phone: 033 2223 1210


Monday 9:00 am – 8:00 pm  

Architectural style: Modern architecture

Architect: Amitabha Sengupta


The scene of Kolkat’s filmcultre is practiced over here by thousands of cinema lovers.Nandan is the ideal place of cinema lovers.The hall is the film and cultural centre in Kolkata, India.The primary aim of the cultural hub is to encourage and facilitate cinematic awareness in society. It includes a few comparatively large screens housed in an impressively architectured building.

clip_image004The foundation stone of Nandan was laid by former Chief Minister of West Bengal Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee and was officially inaugurated on 2 September 1985 by film-maker Satyajit Ray. The complex, besides being a modern cinema and cultural complex, is a popular destination for the young and the aged alike.

Inside the compound,there are "Rabindra Sadan",where cultural programs are held. And if you want to watch stage drama,then visit "Shisir Mancho",which is beside Nandan,ticket prices are 20,40,50,though may vary depending on natok. I watched "Bhuloswargo" & "Ghughu" yesterday here,1st time in my life I watched a natok! 2 hrs full entertainment for rs 20,it was a great experience!So the main attraction towards this hall is that its a fantastic, mind blowing hall where the value for money is top class. A royal cinema hall and with out of the world Dolby and luxurious seats is undoubtedly the best in Kolkata.

I have been to this place many times with friends and family.This place has got something different and special thing in it,which attracts me a lot.Many talented people come over here and like to spend some time along with there friends.The topic of discussions are limited but are interconnected,no one talks rubbish and has their own point of view towards the socity and the topics they choose for their discussion.The topics move around music,cinema,politics and society.Many food stalls are there outside the compound where many people hangaround. Few talanted artists also sit their one person curves out tiny idols out of rice grains,which is really unbeliveable,another person is there who scetches the face of his customer who comes for painting.In short Nandan is clip_image006a plce for thinkers,belivers,lovers and mad people.


Avirup Chatterjee


3rd Semester


College Street, It houses many centre’s of intellectual activity especially Indian Coffee House, a cafe that has attracted the city's intelligentsia for decades. the Presidency College, the Hindu School, Paramount, Medical College, the College Square Swimming Pool and many more. The College Street is most famous for its small and big bookstores, which gives it the nickname Boi Para People from whole city and different parts of the state gathers here for their book. Many bigwigs of the Bengal publication industry are situated here. The street is also dotted with countless very small book kiosks which sell new and old books.An article in the journal Smithsonian described College Street as a “ half-mile of bookshops and bookstalls spilling over onto the pavement, carrying first editions, pamphlets, paperbacks in every Indian language, with more than a fair smattering of books in and out of print from France, Germany, Russia and England. It is the largest second-hand book market in the world and largest book market in India and collectively boasts of a collection of almost any title ever sold at Kolkata. One can buy rare books at throw-away prices and extensive bargaining take place.

In 2007, College Street featured among the famous landmarks of India which have made it to Time Magazines “Best of Asia” list.

· The Houses of intellectual activity

Presidency University, established in 1817

University of Calcutta, established in 1857

Sanskrit College, established in 1824

Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, established in 1953

Hare School, established in 1818

Hindu School, established in 1817

Paramount Sharbat Shop.


Kanad Mukherjee


3rd Semester

Diamond Harbour

Diamond Harbour is in the southern suburbs of Kolkata, on the banks of the Hooghly River quite near where the river meets the Bay of Bengal. This small town is a popular weekend tourist spot located in South 24 Parganas district.

Earlier known as Hajipur, this charming place was named Diamond Harbour by the British. It was considered a safe resting spot for ocean going ships and offered a spectacular view of the river. After the Rupnarayan River joins the Hughli, the river bends south and widens out to a form a huge expanse of water. A little further down, the Haldi river joins it.

In earlier days Diamond Harbour used to be a stronghold of Portuguese pirates. The ruins of the fort of Chingrikhali(Locally known as Purano Kella) can still be seen. It is believed to be linked with the Portuguese but some opine that the East India Company built it before they could establish themselves in Kolkata. There is an old lighthouse nearby. Diamond Harbour is well connected with Kolkata by road and rail. The tourist lodge, Sagarika, located on the riverbank, has been popular for many years. It also has a number of private hotels. As Diamond Harbour is within easy reach of Kolkata, just around 50 km, it is generally a day out picnic spot for city dwellers.

November to January is the best time to visit Diamond Harbour. In these time temperature of the city in between 12 to 27 degrees, it is pleasant weather which is comfortable for enjoying tourism places
Local Dances: Rava Dance, Baishar Bidhan, Larsi Lunji and Noila Broto Dance
Handicrafts: Stoned-carved artifacts, clay dolls, pottery and shell crafts, College: Fakir Chand College,

The area being in the proximity of the Bay of Bengal, there is scope for development of ports and shipping activity. The special economic zone at Falta is one of the eight such zones of the Government of India. It has container-handling jetty. The Government of West Bengal proposes to construct a minor port at Kulpiwith facilities for handling containers.

As large ocean going ships with full load of goods cannot enter the river ports at Kolkata and Haldia, the need for a seaport in the area has been felt for a long time. Such a future port would obviously be located south of Diamond Harbour but would enhance the importance of the place as a base for the port. Raichak is also pretty near by.

Kolkata Port Trust is considering construction of cargo handling jetties at Diamond harbour.

This small town with a picturesque setting is the gateway to the south-western part of the district leading to such places as Gangasagar, Kakdwip, Namkhana and Bakkhali. Gangasagar is a popular pilgrimage centre where people go to have bath to wash their sins. Bakkhali is gaining in popularity as a beach resort. There is a five star hotel with a magnificent panoramic view of the river at Raichak. Jetties at Diamond Harbour, Raichak and Mirpur provide steamer service to the other bank of the wide river estuary.


Mayank Verma


3rd Semester



Pont de Qubec




“I am too popular in all over the world,tourists visit to see me.I am also known as “RABINDRA SETU” .

Howrah bridge was constructed in 1939 and the bridge was opened to traffic in 1943.Essentially it has two portion s for convenient plying of man and traffic .The bridge was constructed as a whole.Everyday thousands of people used the bridge for crossing because the Howrah Bridge is the only way which connects Howrah station and Kolkata.Howrah Bridge is known as the oldest bridge and it is the 3rd longest cantilever bridge in the world behind Pont de Quebec (549m)in Canada and the forth bridge (521m)in Scotland.

Whenever we heard the name ‘HOWRAH’ultimately we think of ‘HOWRAH BRIDGE’.Thousands of people from all over the world visit Kolkata to see the city and also visit some historical places like Victoria,Museum e.t.c.but the first preferrence to see ‘HOWRAH BRIDGE’.


Howrah Bridge is a unique symbol of Kolkata,we Indians are proud of it because we are still maintaining its image and popularity as it was in older days,for next generation.Tourists from foreign countries love to visit Kolkata city and also eager to know its history.


The Howrah Bridge serves as the gateway to Kolkata,connecting it to the howrah station,which one of the four intercity train stations serving howrah and Kolkata.As such it carries the nearly entirely the traffic to and from the station taking it average daily traffic close to nearly 1.5million vehicles.In The bridge used to carry trams also.Trams departed from terminus at howrah station towards Rajabazar,Sealdah,Highcourt,Dalhousie square,parkcircus and shyambazar,from 1993 the tram services on the bridge were discountinous due to increasing load on the bridge.The maintenance of the bridge is done by The Kolkata Port Trust,the bridge has been subject to damage from vehicles due to rush driving and corrosion due to atmospheric pressure and biological wastes.On October 2008,surveillance cameras were placed to monitor the entire 705meter long and 30meter wide structure from control room.Two of the cameras were placed under the floor of the bridge to track the movement of the barges,steamers and boats on the river,while the other fixed to the first layer of beams one at each and two in the middle to monitor the vehicle movements.This was in response to substantial damage caused to the bridge from collision with vehicles.Corrision has been caused by bird dropping and human spitting.

Howrah bridge is one of the most oldest and popular bridge in the world.Still,its maintain its popularity.As Howrah bridge is not only the way that connects Howrah station to Kolkata but also connects peoples.



Durgesh Nandini Yadav


3rd Semester


Kolkata, the city of Joy has a lot to offer in terms of its cultural diversity, its rich heritage and its ever so welcome hospitality and joyous rituals. Another of its highlights is its street food - amazingly yummy and cheap, probably the cheapest in the world.

When people talk about scrumptious street food, one cannot forget mentioning Kolkata. A variety of gastronomic delights are available on the streets of the capital city of West Bengal, and that too, for cheap. The city displays a special attitude towards food, attracting tourists at a large scale to try out the variety it offers. Every nook and corner of the city has stalls serving lip-smacking dishes. Despite the mushrooming of lavish restaurants and food courts, Kolkatans, ranging from poor daily-wage labourers to MNC executives, take pleasure in trying out the road-side delicacies. No one is embarrassed of picking up a quick bite on the streets.

One cannot afford to miss out the puchkas or jhaal-muri by the side of the busy crowded roads of Kolkata. Sometimes even Bengali cine-stars and celebrities are seen enjoying the roadside food. It's part of Kolkata's traditional culture to eat out on the streets. Be it egg rolls to momos, you name it and the streets of Kolkata have it. Street vendors with tasty delicacies to serve can be easily encountered in and around the schools, colleges, office areas, and at other places where people congregate. But, how they manage to sell food so cheap is still very much a mystery.

The street food is of a wide range. Students and office-goers get bread-butter toast, omelette and puri sabji as breakfast. And for lunch, one can start with vegetable soup, and end a four to five course meal, with sweets. There is a variety of rotis with delicious vegetarian and meat preparations to have them with. Food served between the traditional meal hours - chowmien, idli, dosa, uttapaam, ghoogni, bhelpuri, puchkas, jhaal muri and pakodas- is also high in demand. A friend of mine, an avid lover of puchka says, “My day is incomplete without puchkas! I can’t imagine a single day in my life without munching’s just so yummy!!”

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With Kolkata being an amalgamation of many cultures, city dwellers have shown a remarkable trait of accepting up alien culinary habits with open arms. Be it Chinese food or Tibetan cuisine, there is no prejudice in the City of Joy.

How can one forget the sweet tooth, which the Bengalis have? From mishti doi to sandesh to softy ice creams to cakes the city has a whole wide range of sweets at very affordable rates to compliment the various street food delicacies, which it offers.

All in all if one is in Calcutta one simply can’t sit back and eat out at the high end restaurants. It just won’t do justice to the rich and magnanimous food culture of Kolkata. So get up and explore the lanes of Kolkata. One will be amazed by what this entire city has in store for us.

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Dipti Shah


3rd Semester

Maa Durga Stall

“Durga puja comes with light and fire

It brings back the yearly desire”

Durga puja is known as the biggest festival in West Bengal.Every year it comes with joy, laughter, and wipes away the tears of sorrow. Kolkata people awaits for this for the whole year just to enjoy this four days.

People in Kolkata never hesitates in spending thousands and thousands of money in this. Spending crores of rupees in the name of worshipping maa Durga is quite usual these days .In Durga pandels people invests crores of rupees just to make their puja better than the other.

clip_image002clip_image004 Now, the question is this a wastage? As Durga maa comes as a ray of hope for those who work as light man, idol makers, mike man, priests as well as food stall workers. As their yearly income depend on this festival. Kolkata Durga puja is famous for making beautiful and innovative Unique pandals, making of it is done by small budget artists, those who are not yet that much successful in life but they earn their living and come in limelight and get appreciated from the viewers. As Kolkata is known as the city that never sleeps, people of Kolkata highly maintains it and a very effective role in it takes place by the Durga puja and making Kolkata beautiful in this four days is hugely done the light man dadas. They work day and night just to make some money as their entire yearly income depends on this. They come from all sorts of small villages to the city just to earn some money and without Durga puja festival and high budget in it this would have been not possible. Without an idol the puja makes no sense, so the idol makers stay in huge demand for those days. Places like Kumartuli, etc is famous for making idols. The makers depend and look forward to this festival every year. Not only the idol makers the dholaks, the priests share the same emotions. These are all fine as this certain range of people’s income depends on this festival. But the still the question rises how come the puja committee people invests so much of money? Well its because the money is raised through sponsorships.

.This sponsorship is the new trend which is extremely common in todays time .Rajat Das, a puja committee member of Narkelbagan Sarbojanin Durga Utsav said,”the front gate to the Durga maa pratima hoardings and banners will cost one lakh fifty thousand, the left gate will range eighty thousand and the right seventy five thousand, the front tower will range three lakhs and the second one two lakhs respectively.”Not only this is happening in Narkel bagan puja but in the total city. The more famous puja will be it will get more sponsorships.

clip_image005 The mouth watering foods phuchka, chicken rolls, Biriyani, icecreams without all this the puja is incomplete. As Bengalis are notably love eating especially street foods and sweets. So, Durga puja is a pure bliss to everyone how much we try to avoid it but we really can’t.


Sancharini Chakrabarti


3rd Semester


Coming off the heels of yet another successful Apple launch debut, it’s increasingly clear that Apple is on top of their game in a way like no other. Which other company could turn an ordinary press conference into a live global event?

The secret lies beyond their product line and design standards; it lies beyond even Steve Jobs’ emphatic adherence to Apple’s core philosophy, which is that the user doesn’t always know what they want.

Looking at the company’s latest product lines and revenue models, I’d be a fool to call them anything less than what they are, which is:

• A design firm

• A media platform

• A publishing company

• A software powerhouse

• A computer builder

• A movement

IGNORE YOUR CRITICS As an entrepreneur, you’ll hear a lot of people tell you that you need to reach out and figure out what people want, which means listening to your critics, often times more patiently than you’d like.

TURN ORDINARY INTO EXTRA ORDINARY For quite some time, PC fans enjoyed the work of buying their own parts and building their own tower systems. At the same time, PC makers were building standard hardware for standard applications.

JUSTIFY YOUR PRICE We’re in a time when pricing strategies are all over the place. People don’t know what to charge, and in many cases, prefer to race to the bottom instead of pricing strategically to a market that can bear the cost.Once more, Apple ignores the standard by not only pricing their technology more than 2x what their competitors charge, but doing so without blinking. How can they get away with it?

COMMUNICATE WITH YOUR AUDIENCE It makes no sense to talk about things like megabytes, gigahertz, and processing power to customers that simply don’t care about technical jargon.Take a look at any Apple product page and you’ll find that though they do discuss product specifications and technical information, it’s hidden behind the benefits that their audience is truly after.

EXTEND THE EXPERIENCE Have you ever heard of an unboxing? I hadn’t either until recently, when I learned that not only was I not the only one keeping Apple packaging post-sale, but that there are legions of people that record the actual process of unwrapping their newly purchased Apple products.

BUILD A TRIBE It’s no secret that Apple has built one of the most hardcore fan bases of any product and of any time. There’s a reason they’re called “fanboys.” Most of the chatter is out of jealousy more than anything, but Apple doesn’t really care. They know that they serve an elite audience, and rather than back away from that fact, they embrace it.

BECOME “THE NAME” You don’t buy tissues, you buy Kleenex.You don’t buy MP3 players, you buy an iPod.You don’t buy a smartphone, you buy an iPhone.Have you noticed what they’re doing here? Apple isn’t content with being a leader in sales alone, they want to own the market itself, which explains why they’ve engineered iTunes as the major music provider that it is, and why the iPad, having the luxury of being the first, has now set the trend for future tablet devices.

BRAND LOYALTY Apple Inc. was founded only a year after Microsoft, at the moment it is on the pinnacle of its popularity and success. Unlike most of its rivals, Apple especially is not known to care for the budget of a commoner. In fact, it won’t be wrong to say that Apple, ever since it’s foundation only targeted a certain brand conscious class. For that very reason, none of the products of Apple are meant to fall within the budget of a normal man but more and more people are covetous of Apple products than ever before, since it is established to represent a certain ‘class’


Subhodeep Roy


3rd Semester

The History of Durga Pujo

Durga Puja - the ceremonial worship of the mother goddess, is one of the most important festivals of India. Apart from being a religious festival for the Hindus, it is also an occasion for reunion and rejuvenation, and a celebration of traditional culture and customs. While the rituals entails ten days of fast, feast and worship, the last four days - Saptami, Ashtami, Navami and Dashami - are celebrated with much gaiety and grandeur in India and abroad, especially in Bengal, where the ten-armed goddess riding the lion is worshipped with great passion and devotion.

The first grand worship of Goddess Durga in recorded history is said to have been celebrated in the late 1500s. Folklores say the landlords or zamindar of Dinajpur and Malda initiated the first Durga Puja in Bengal. According to another source, Raja Kangshanarayan of Taherpur or Bhabananda Mazumdar of Nadiya organized the first Sharadiya or Autumn Durga Puja in Bengal in the year 1606.

The origin of the community puja can be credited to the twelve friends of Guptipara in Hoogly, West Bengal, who collaborated and collected contributions from local residents to conduct the first community puja called the 'baro-yaari' puja or the 'twelve-pal' puja in 1790. The baro-yaari puja was brought to Kolkata in 1832 by Raja Harinath of Cossimbazar, who performed the Durga Puja at his ancestral home in Murshidabad from 1824 to 1831, notes Somendra Chandra Nandy in 'Durga Puja: A Rational Approach' published in The Statesman Festival, 1991.

"The baro-yaari puja gave way to the sarbajanin or community puja in and around 1910, when the Sanatan Dharmotsahini Sabha organized the first truly community puja in Baghbazar in Kolkata with full public contribution, public control and public participation. Now the dominant mode of Bengali Durga Puja is the 'public' version," write M. D. Muthukumaraswamy and Molly Kaushal in Folklore, Public Sphere, and Civil Society. The institution of the community Durga Puja in the 18th and the 19th century Bengal contributed vigorously to the development of Hindu Bengali culture.

clip_image002There are two kinds of embellishments that are used on clay - sholar saaj and daker saaj. In the former, the pratima is traditionally decorated with the white core of the shola reed which grows within marshlands.

The huge temporary canopies - held by a framework of bamboo poles and draped with colorful fabric - that house the icons are called 'pandals'. Modern pandals are innovative, artistic and decorative at the same time, offering a visual spectacle for the numerous visitors who go 'pandal-hopping' during the four days of Durga Puja.


Ushnak Basu


3rd Semester

For Whom The Bell Tolls


St. Paul’s Cathedral

St. Paul's Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral of the Church of North India - a united church which is part of the Anglican Communion - in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It is the seat of the Diocese of Calcutta, and the incumbent bishop is the Rt. Revd. Ashoke Biswas.

The building itself stands on the "island of attractions" beside the Victoria Memorial,Nandan, Rabindra Sadantheatre complex, and the Birla Planetarium.

St Paul’s Cathedral is considered to be the holy grail of churches in Kolkata, being the largest and the biggest church in the city , it attracts the tourists as well as the city people. A beautiful structure that stands tall ,is resposnsible for increasing the beauty of the city.

Even though the church got destroyed due to the earthquake of 1897 and then it was renovated. But, the earthquake of 1934 led to the collapse of the tower and eventually it was rebuilt on the lines of the Bell Harry Tower of Canterbury Cathedral. The main hall of the cathedral is very large containing splendid carved wooden pews and chairs. The awesome construction leaves you dumb-struck, and makes you realize the architectural masterpiece of the constructors

The largest Christmas mass is held every year in St paul’s cathedral . This mass is followed by a charity drive and a carnival which takes place over two days . Peole come here not only to pray but by spending time here , they get mental peace . The architecture itself dumbfounds the onlooker.

When I talk about St Pauls cathedral , the things that comes in my mind , is the numerous candle marches, the choir on Sunday’s , the Christmas carols, the hymms .The walls that are adorned with quotes from the Holy Bible , pictures and scriptures beautifully paint the church’s walls. I can go read the bible in peace or just sit there and communicate with god and nature .

St Pauls Cathedral is considered to be a symbol of art and architecture in Kolkata . It s architectural structure symbolises the British reign in Kolkata . The place where Queen Victoria came to pray .

Whenever I feel low, I come here , just by sitting on these benches I feel calm . The lush green lawns , the tall towers of the church overwhelms me .


Alok Prasad


3rd Semester


A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a type of non-profit organization that works to promote human good while operating separately from any national government. The NGOs maintains its non-governmental status by excluding government representatives from membership in the organization.

An ngo based in Chetla, Kolkata , Mohor Foundation focuses on providing education for the children from families of the low income group for whom education is curtailed for the limited opportunities they have . With the two coaching centres , the one in Kolkata and another in Khajurdaha , (Hooghly) their aim is to reach out and provide them with the educational support they need. They do go to government schools but are unable to provide themselves their educational needs such as the tutorial classes. Their main focus is to support these children in the above areas. They not only educate them but also counsel them regularly to build a healthy platform for their better future; they plan to promote each student according to their potential. They also wish to provide a separate institution where various departments could cater to the willing student. In the last 9 months the children have been actively involved in various activity programs such as Cleanliness drives and Sapling Plantation.

Along with educational support, Mohor Foundation is responsible for providing day care hostel facilities for the students as well as Medical facilities and Family Counselling . Their main aim is to inculcate healthy atmosphere in the minds so that they do not astray . Local clubs, residential co operatives do come forward in their own minimum way and help support these initiatives.

Ngo’s such as this one have a team of dedicated members who help reach their goal inspite of all odds and scrutiny .It definitely seems like a long order but if more likeminded ngos join hands and dedicate themselves for these deprived children and then we can say the society will definitely be a better place to live in. Education will deter juvenile crimes and sex related offences, addictions will considerably go down.

At present, including the two centres Mohor Foundation has a total strength of about 121 students with strength of 8 volunteer teaching staff. They give hope to children from families that are truly needy and who have little or no means to help them survive. Their main purpose and responsibility is to serve the society by serving its children. Hence this foundation might just brighten up their lives and give them some joy.

Mohor Foundation


Zufishan Khan


3rd Semester




Standing outside the gate of Fort William at 6:30 am on a chilly winter morning in Kolkata, you wonder whether this is worth it all when a cruel breeze from the Ganges opposite stings your face, making you shiver.

clip_image004But there is hardly any allowance for thinking because it is about time for the Statesman Vintage Car Rally Kolkata, 2013 to kick off and when you see the colourful gorgeous cars flash past you on their way to the starting line-up, you cannot think of anything except following them in. The space which looked enormous at 6:30 looks tiny half an hour later as about 150 cars and bikes, their owners, the viewers and the photographers jostled with each other to be a part of the grand mayhem.

Well, one look at the car owners and you feel this is how life should be! Thoughts of class equality go out of your head as you see cars straight from the royal garages along with their royal owners descend on the common man’s path and make them stare with open-mouthed awe! The cars and the people in them make you go back to years bygone when these cars were the emblem of the families they belonged to. The charisma still remains; the ‘zamindari’ attitude shines through, what with the dazzling dresses, huge sunglasses and high heeled leather boots that the traditional ‘benarasi’ has given way to. You see the Fords, Fiats, Buicks, BMWs, Austins, Rolls, Pontiacs, Chevrolets and envy their chiseled bodies, stunning you with the reflections in the early sun.

As the day dawns to a close you feel a bit reflective…the day has given a glimpse of the old-world charm that characterized Bengal of the British era, the lives of the rich and the famous. I gaze with reverence at the wings of a Pontiac as it slowly exits the ground with a huge trophy. The elated smile on the winner’s face of the Seagram’s Royal Stag award reflects the mood of the day… a perfect winter carnival.

clip_image006clip_image008HERE ARE SOME PICTURES OF THE EVENT:




Vedang Singhania


3rd Semester

The Cool Cat of Kolkata


“Aah...!” ; Perhaps that’s the most appropriate word to express your happiness and delight after you come out of such a fantastic restaurant of Kolkata. Located in Park Street (Mother Teresa Sarani), ‘Peter Cat’ is one of the most unique restaurant which has mesmerized it’s visitors since it opened in the 60’s.It’s a restaurant where cocktails are cheaper than the food and it has been a favourite for locals and visitors since decades.


Well, Peter Cat is inexpensive, it is centrally located, it serves excellent Indian and Continental food and it has a soothing and unique atmosphere. Well, there is one drawback of being so popular is that, in peak times, such as during festivals, Peter Cat gets cramped with people, so you have to wait a bit to get your table. But is that a problem for a foodie? Naahh ! I mean they can wait for long to grab their delicacies.

clip_image006Yeah, food. I have to mention the Chelo kebab. Two minced mutton kebabs and one chicken kebab, served with rice and an egg, it's legendary amongst the residents of Kolkata. However, if you feel like a break from Indian food, you'll welcome the sizzlers. They're just as sought after. I ordered the chicken sizzler (chicken breast, vegetables, egg, and sauce) and it was cooked to perfection. Both meals are priced at around 300 rupees ($5-6).

Peter Cat's warm and dimly lit interior speaks of history. Waiters look resplendent in crisp Rajasthani white and red costumes, which match the colours of the restaurant's interior but curiously contrast with its name -- a name that doesn't give away much at all. If you dig around though, you'll discover it’s the namesake of a famous cat who lived in Lords cricket ground in London from 1952 to 1964 (and Kolkata is a city addicted to cricket).

If the restaurant isn't busy, you'll find the service to be incredibly prompt and efficient. My table was surrounded by waiters, and the meals were served fresh and piping hot in a mere five minutes.

This Peter Cat is a cool cat indeed.


Unmesh Ganguly


3rd Semester

Chamber of Treasure



The National Library, India is the largest library in the country. It is an institution of national importance under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. The library is designated to collect, disseminate and preserve the printed material produced in the country. The library is situated on a scenic 30 acres Belvedere Estate, in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta

· The history of the National Library began with the formation of Calcutta Public Library in 1836. That was a non-governmental institution and was run on a proprietary basis. People contributing INR 300 in subscription became the proprietors. Prince “Dwarkanath Tagore” was the first proprietor of that Library. The Calcutta Public Library had a unique position as the first public library in this part of the world. Such a well-organized and efficiently run library was rare even in Europe during the first half of the 19th century.

· The Imperial Library (Built after the model of the Town Hall at Ypres. A fine example of the Public Buildings in Calcutta) was formed in 1891 by combining a number of Secretariat libraries in Calcutta.

In 1903, Lord Curzon, the Governor-General of India, conceived the idea of opening a library for the use of the public. He noticed both the libraries—Imperial Library and Calcutta Public Library were under-utilized because of limited access and lack of amenities. He decided to amalgamate the rich collection of both of these libraries.

Ø The new amalgamated library, called Imperial Library, was formally opened to the public on 30 January 1903 at Metcalfe Hall, Kolkata. Metcalfe Hall had earlier been the residence of the Governor-Generals Wellington, Cornwallis and Warren Hastings.

“ "It is intended that it should be a library of reference, a working place for students and a repository of material for the future historians of India, in which, so far as possible, every work written about India, at any time, can be seen and read." ”

— The Gazette of India

After Independence the Government of India changed the name of the Imperial Library to the National Library, with the enactment of the Imperial Library (Change of Name) Act, 1948, and the collection was shifted from the Esplanade to the present Belvedere Estate. On 1 February 1953, the National Library was opened to the public, inaugurated by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. B. S. Kesavan was appointed the first Librarian of the National Library.

Aims of the National Library, India

v Acquisition and conservation of all significant national production of printed material, excluding ephemera.

v Collection of printed material concerning the country, no matter where it is published, and as a corollary, the acquisition of photographic records of such material that is not available with in the country

v Acquisition and conservation of foreign material required by the country.

v Rendering of bibliographical and documents services of current and retrospective material, both general and specialised.

v Acting as a referral centre purveying full and accurate knowledge.


Swarnendu Bose


3rd Semester

Tangra Chinatown : Kolkata's very own China

Amidst our urban Kolkata, the city of joy, there lies a small locality which was once home to 20,000 ethnic Chinese in the eastern part of the city. Interestingly, it is the only Chinatown in India. Sadly, now the population of Chinatown has ceased down to approximately 2,000. The traditional occupation of the Chinese community here was to work in the nearby Chinese restaurants and in the tanning industry.


The area is still noted for its Chinese restaurants where many people come to taste real Chinese foods and Indo-Chinese cuisines. Bustling with energy, Tangra Chinatown is Kolkata's very own mini-China. Chinatown still tries to preserve old Chinese traditions and customs with much pride. This mini town has a distinct culture of its own and is a favourite amongst locals and tourists alike for the food it has to offer – the foods that make our tongues droll. Fusions of Chinese and Indian traditions have given birth to a widely available form, Indian Chinese cuisine.

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If this is your first visit here, it would be wiser decision to explore the narrow, crowded lanes before you step inside a restaurant to have a wonderful meal. Take a walk by these lanes and soothe your eyes by the views of numerous Pagoda like temples, take snaps of the dangling paper lamps and take an approximate-journey into the mystic lands of China even when you are in Kolkata. One can rediscover the charms of the Chinese society, culture and heritage in Chinatown, with Buddhist temples and an age-old Chinese pastry shop.

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The Chinese today work as tannery-owners, sauce manufacturers, shoe-shop owners, and restaurateurs. A number of Chinese women run beauty parlours in the city.

The Chinese New Year still is celebrated by the Calcutta Chinese community. Chinese New Year or the Lunar New Year is the most important festival in the Chinese calendar. In Calcutta, Chinese New Year cannot be detached from Chinese sausages and the fish and prawn wafers.


Sadly, the once prosperous Calcutta Chinese community is now clearly in decline. Under direction from the Supreme Court, the West Bengal Government recently moved all tanneries of Chinatown to Bantala, a suburb in the eastern Kolkata. However, Tangra has been an integral part of the Chinese community in India.

Kolkata’s Chinese community has been a key part of the city’s culture for more than 200 years. But now the Chinese community is disappearing rapidly. However, Tangra's unique Indian-Chinese food is attracting a lot of attention these days and the cuisine will probably live on in Kolkata.

A visit to Chinatown is certainly a wonderful experience in itself.

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Swarnabha Bose


3rd Semester

Back to the old

We all heard and read of the majestic Victoria memorial. Which is located in Kolkata at maidan. It has a pretty well maintained garden and lake. If people want to saw the prettiness offcource need to buy tickets for the entrance. Many foreigners come here and tickets are not same for Indian and foreigner.

Architect sir William Emerson laid down the actual plan of the memorial. The design of the structure represents the fusion of British and Mughal architecture. White macrana marvels use in the construction of Victoria Memorial Hall and the building was inaugurated in the year 1921.The massive hall is 338 feet and rises to height of 184 feet. After India gained independence in the year 1947, certain additions were made to the Victoria Memorial. These additions formed National Leader’s Gallary, containing the portraits and relics relating to the Indian independence.

In the Royal Gallery there are oil paintings depicting scenes of Queen Victoria receiving the sacrament at her coronation on the day of her marrige.Becide the paintings showing the entry of prince walls into joyful is display here.

The Calcutta Gallery, India’s first city gallery was visualised by Lord Curzon, at the turn of 20th century. The Calcutta Gallery displayed the history and development of Calcutta from Job Charnoc and of the British rule up to 1911, when the capital was sifted to Delhi. The gallery has also a life size diorama of the view of the Chitpur road in the late 19th century.

There are some rare books in the library with date back to the 1870s.Some of the books worth maintaining are the collection of plays by William Shakespeare. The Arabian Nights, Omar Khayyam’s Rubaiyat. It has a good collection of books on kathak and thumri written by Nawab Wazid Ali Saha.

The garden of the memorial was designed on a total area of 64 acres with the building covering the area .On way to the north gate is a bronze statue of Queen Victoria. The Queen is seated on her throne, wearing the robes of the star of India. There are twenty one gardeners to maintain the garden and the morning walkers have four associations.

Victoria memorial looked very nice at the night when it was light up majestically taken in the sights.


Sushmita Saha


3rd Semester


Durga Puja festival marks the victory of Goddess Durga over the evil buffalo demon Mahishasura. Thus, Durga Puja festival epitomises the victory of Good over Evil. While references to Durga Puja in Bengal can be found back to the middle ages, it did not become popular among the zamindars, or wealthy landowners of Bengal. In 1757, an elaborate puja was even held in honor of Rober Clive by Raja Nabakrishna Deb of Calcutta. Lord Clive wished to thank for his victory in the Battle of Plassey. By the early 20th century, these festivities had evolved into Sarbojanin ("involving all") pujas, in which people from all creed, castes and religions participate. These pujas further helped to create a feeling of unity during independence. Over the years, both the icons and the pandals have gotten more and more elaborate, and each year many competitions are held among Pujo clubs for the best pandals and puja themes.

Durga Puja is widely celebrated in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Manipur, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal, where it is a five-day annual holiday. And as in Kolkata, people eagerly and anxiously wait for Durga Puja to come.

Durga Puja is widely celebrated in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Manipur, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal, where it is a five-day annual holiday. And as in Kolkata, people eagerly and anxiously wait for Durga Puja to come.

Durga puja mood starts off with the Mahishasuramardini – a two-hour radio programme that has been popular with the community since the 1950s. While earlier it used to be conducted live, later a recorded version began to be broadcast. Bengalis traditionally wake up at 4 in the morning on Mahalaya day to listen to the enchanting voice of the late Birendra Krishna Bhadra and the late Pankaj Kumar Mullick on All India Radio. During the week of Durga Puja, in the entire state of West Bengal, especially Kolkata. Comes to a standstill. . In playgrounds, traffic circles, ponds—wherever space may be available—elaborate structures called pandals are set up, many with nearly a year's worth of planning behind them. Durga Puja is celebrated for six days. People get busy in pandal hoppings, eating their favourite food, fancying their new dresses, living live to their fullest. Oshtomi, the eighth day of devi Durga’s stay at her abode, is d day when all get dressed up in their traditional dresses and gathers to offer flower worship or pushpanjali to her.

Durga Puja is one of the most important events in the Bengali society's calendar. In Kolkata alone more than two thousand pandals are set up, all clamouring for the admiration and praise of the populace. The whole city is decorated with lights. People all across the country visit Kolkata during this time, and every night seems like a carnival where thousands of people go pandal hopping. All the traffic comes to a standstill and the government introduces a special task force to control the law and order. Durga Puja in Kolkata is often referred to as the Rio Carnival of the Eastern Hemisphere.


Sumit Roy


3rd Semester

Help age


A lot of old age people are left alone at home. There are many younger generations who do not care about their parents and leave alone and live their amazing life.

Why is there alot of problems in these houses? Why there are fights in these house, where these grownups throw their parents out of

There are alot of questions regarding to this situations but who cares? This is why Helpage India is creating awareness to the younger generations so that they can take care of these old aged people

Old age is the serenity of the age. It is like they are born again.

A quote from ― Jarod Kintz, This Book Title is Invisible “Death is coming—but hopefully not before old age, decrepitude, and senility.”

It was registered in Delhi. Became autonomous as financial support ceased from UK. Soon after, in July, the Society was awarded Certificates of Exemption under Sections 12A and 80G of the Income Tax Act, 1961, thus indicating general confidence in the Society’s affairs.

Help age is trying to help the aged so that they can confidently live their life.


Upholding the Rights of the Aged

HelpAge India is the leading advocate for Older People's rights. We speak up for India's 100 million (current estimate) grey population to help them live with dignity, independence & self-fulfilment.

Their role is that of an enabler between two groups of people.

  • Development organisations and individuals working at grassroots-level with marginalised Elders, their families and communities.
  • People like you, coming together from all walks of life who believe in the rights of the Aged

Why do the Aged need Help?

There are 100 m (current estimate) older people in India. We advocate with national & local government to bring about policy that is beneficial to the elderly. Make the society aware of issues concerning the aged and promote better understanding of them. Help the elderly be aware of their rights and provide access to them.

Their main objective is that

  • Fosters the welfare of the aged in India especially the needy aged
  • Raises funds for projects which assist the elderly irrespective of cast or creed
  • Creates in the younger generation and in society an awareness about the problems of the elderly in India today

“The old are in a second childhood.”




Suchita Ojha


3rd Semester

Eden Garden - The History of World Cricket.

“Six!!!”; “Indiaaaa…Indiaa”; “KKR…KKR…”; these sound better at the Eden Gardens which is 3rd biggest international cricket ground over the world. It’s located in BBD Bag area, Kolkata.


Eden Gardens is the Kolkata’s heritage, it was founded in 1864. Now it holds 66,349 audience following renovation for the Cricket World Cup 2011. During 1987 World Cup Cricket Tournament, seating capacity was said to be approximately 1,20,000; though no official figures have been recorded. It’s the home of the Bengal Cricket team and Kolkata Knight Riders.

First I visited at the Eden Gardens in 2010 to see the IPL T-20, I discovered that a huge crowd is ready for a battle against of their opponent. That was the match between KKR and K11P. Most of the people ware supporting to KKR for Sourav Ganguly and SRK.

Bengalis are huge cricket fan and that’s why the Eden Gardens always attracts maximum audience for any kind of match. Sometimes only the luckiest people get the chance to buy the ticket. The ticket rate varies on the tournament. Though it so expensive but audience don’t care of it.


During game play supporters become too much excited and aggressive. DJ music and the cheer leaders recharge them up between the gaps. Eden Garden carries the History of World Cricket. It is witnessed about some memorable incidents and events such as Mushtaq Ali incident, 80’s Derby Tragedy, 87’s World Cup Final, 99’s Sachin’s run out tragedy, 91’s Kapil Dev’s hat-trick against Srilanka and so on. And last time it hosted the 199th test match (penultimate) of Sachin Tendulkar's career against West Indies from 6-10 Nov 2013.

The top four Test cricket batting scores in this stadium were scored by India: 657–7 in 2001, 643–6 in 2010, 633–5 in 1998, and 631–7 in 2011. And The most runs in Test Matches Played here was scored by V.V.S. Laxman (1041 runs), followed by Mohammed Azharuddin (860 runs) and Rahul Dravid(843 runs). The most wickets taken here was by Harbhajan Singh (46 wickets) followed by Anil Kumble (40 wickets) and Bishen Singh Bedi (29 wickets). The most runs in ODIs scored here by a batsman was by Sachin Tendulkar (496 runs), followed by Mohammed Azharuddin (332 runs) and Aravinda de Silva (306 runs). The most wickets taken here was by Anil Kumble and Kapil Dev (14 wickets each), followed by Javagal Srinath (8 wickets) and Ajit Agarkar (7 wickets).


Most of the cricketers wish to play a match in this stadium. It is said that "a cricketer's cricketing education is not complete till he has played in front of a packed of crowd Eden Gardens."

After all I’d like to say that if you want to discover what the Cricket is, you must visit the Eden Gardens for a time. You’ll never be disappointed when the crowd will be shouting the ‘Come on India’ or ‘KKR.’ That will be your awesome experience. That is why it has been called “Cricket’s answer to the Colosseum.”


Shubajit Paul


3rd Semester

The carnival of becoming “Sholoyana bangaliyana”

· Flavour of Agomoni

As the year with its twelve months, gradually passes on and nears the months of September and October, a spark of joy creeps into the hearts of all the people of West Bengal. Says like “ma asche “
Al around we can see hording posters of several advertisement
people over thre get very much busy with their shopping …when we pass through park or club or something the continous sound has been floated..That hammer’s sound. Barricade, signal song “bajlo tomar alor benu…these are the most familiar fenomena of puja flavor.
Happiness fills their heart and they patiently await the arrival of their one major festival Durga Puja, with enthusiasm and excitement, . it continues till upto bhai fhota ocaation.

· From stick to Godess

Bengal specializes in preserving the age old tradition of making clay idols. Such unmatched skills come in the limelight during the festive occasion of Durga Puja. Months before the Puja clay artisans start to breathe in life in the images of Durga.


with jute strings.

Making of Durga idols is a lengthy and a back breaking process. This is done diligently and methodically by the artisans. The skeleton structure of  bamboo and straw are done by one group of artisans while the clay mixing and applications are done by another group and finally the head, palms and feet are done by the highest graded artisans or Pals.The second stage of

idol making is applying the layers of


clay. This is done in three steps. The straw figurine of Goddess is applied with the first coat of clay solution where the percentage of water is high.
This application helps to fill the crevices left by the straw This application helps to fill the crevices left by the straw structure. The second layer is applied with great caution as it is the most important layer giving prominence to the figure. The clay mixed in this step is very fine without any impurities. Palms, head and feet which are separately made are attached with the main torso at this stage. The heads, palms and feet are made of clay.


Naktala udayan Sangha ,the pujo committee has come with a brand new strategy Their director said…. “every year pujo preparation is getting more competitive in such a way that evry body is trying to creat something new without repetition
our concept is Ek shilay protime…nobody has been thought that it could also be a theme ..”
the director of Haridevpur Adorsha somity club said”our concept is to bring out the ultimate result of global warming ,a imaginary concept,,before it ,it hasbeen tried to show the problem how to restrict… etc …we tried tomake our level best to contribute the idea among the people”

· Sarodiya flavour

Durga Puja is celebrated from the sixth to tenth day of the waxing moon in the month of 'Ashwin', which is the sixth month in the Bengali calendar. It may also be held in the following month, Kartik. The Pujas are held over a ten-day period, which is traditionally viewed as the coming of the married daughter, Durga, to her father, Himalaya's home. It is the most important festival in Bengal.

· Voice of puja

Durga puja mood starts off with the Mahishasuramardini' – a radio programme that has been popular with the community since the 1950s. While earlier it used to be conducted live, later a recorded version began to be broadcast. Bengalis traditionally wake up at 4 in the morning on Mahalaya day to listen to the enchanting voice of the late Birendra Krishna Bhadra and the late Pankaj Kumar Mullick on All India Radio as they recited hymns from the scriptures from the Devi Mahatmyam or Chandi.
The days of fun and festivity start off with Shoshti, the day of arrival of Goddess Durga. Then follows the days of Saptami, Ashtami, Nabami and the day of farewell, Dashami.

Actor Aparajita Adhya said “pujo is something very special for us ,we all wait for a long year for the day there is no question to go out of Kolkata during puja such schedule or diet .i normaly try to have al the food without restriction ,used to go for adda upto dashami ..tota fun, that’s all I cn say”

· Puja pandals

Temporary structures called pandals are constructed to venerate the Goddess Durga. . In playgrounds, traffic circles, ponds, wherever space may be available, elaborate structures called pandals 'are set up, many with nearly a year's worth of planning behind them some of the pandals are simple structures, others are often elaborate works of art with themes that rely heavily on history, current affairs and sometimes pure imagination. The pandals are of diverse kinds. Some are made of simple, attractive cloths while some are even made of grains, wheat, chocolate wrappers, Horlicks bottles, etc, results of great imagination and hard work. In Kolkata alone more than ten thousand pandals are set up, all clamouring for the admiration and praise of the populace.

· Joy of People

The sculpture of the idol itself has evolved. The worship always depicts Durga with her four children, and occasionally two attendant deities and some banana-tree figures. The city is adorned with lights. The people wear their new dresses during the six happy days of the great festival when they go out in the evenings with their family and friends to look at all the pandals, the idols of Goddess Durga, and the lightings. They stay awake the entire night and visit pandals by feet or by car. The entire state springs to life and the streets are full of people, cars and glittering lights the entire night.

· Delicious Moments

Durga Puja in Bengal is a carnival, where people from all backgrounds, regardless of their religious beliefs, participate and enjoy themselves to the hilt. Fairs and carnivals are set up where children as well as adults enjoy rides in the Giant Wheel, Break Dance, etc. Food stalls are set up everywhere. Durga Puja is such a festival during which everyone is happy. It is also a happy moment for the poor ‘puchkawallas’, ‘bhelpuri sellers’, etc.

· Compititions awards

Companies have identified Durga puja festival in Kolkata as a great opportunity to grab share of eyeballs of consumers. Due to steep buying behaviour of consumers, these companies generate high revenues from trade. Besides they also use this opportunity to make their brand popular among consumers. Firstly they offer huge sponsorships to the clubs who anyway spend millions every year on their pandal... Brands like Times of India,Abp Ananda, Pepsi have done this very successfully in the past. Secondly companies also organize multiple events through which they choose the best puja pandal of Kolkata, best artist of Kolkata, best ambience etc. This not only provides a platform for the puja pandals and artists to get recognized, Asian Paints has an important role in raising the standards of Durga Pujas in Kolkata. They started Asian Paints Sharad Samman in 1985 and have continued the tradition of identifying the best puja pandals of Kolkata every year. There are many similar Puja awards now in Kolkata like True Spirit Puja Awards, Pujo Perfect etc which choose the best pandals in Kolkata. These awards have proven to be very motivating to the puja organizers and artists and have raised the artistic creations of Kolkata Durga Pujas year after year.

· Subho bijaya

when the last day of the festival arrives-Bijoya Doshomi, everyone’s heart fills with sadness. They now have to bid farewell to Goddess Durga as she returns back. On that day the idol is taken for immersion in a procession amid loud chants of 'Bolo Durga mai-ki jai' (glory be to Mother Durga') and 'Aashchhe bochhor abar hobe' ('it will happen again next year'). Doshomi means the ‘tenth day’ and bijoy means ‘victory’. Although this last day signifies the end of the festival, but all the happiness shared and experienced during these six special days remain glowing in people’s minds like glittering jewels whose shine will never fade.

· Worship Of Goddess Laxmi

After durga puja,,laxmi puja takes the place of it … in the very next purnima which is called kojagori purnima,normally most of the Bengali people prayes for godess laxmi actor GOURAV CHATTERJEE with his sister namamita try to complete the laxmi puja with rituals .nabamita is also very exited for her upcoming marriage cere,,mony with actor Bhaswar

On the otherhand the stars like Aparijita Adhwya,loket, they were also busy with there laxmi puja at their home

Actress Aparajita said”I like concept of puja just like durga puja,as because we are a joint family it has become a culture of our family ,staring from alpona to colouring the idol,cooking everything I have to do single handed work”
where as actress loket said “ during three years I have started the laxmi pujo in my house.. kichuri labbra chatni payesh these are the common menu in this occation.. my father was a purohit ..and that is why puja attracts me the most whichever whatever kind of puja it is “

· Festive of lights

fter laxmi puja kali puja takes place in the very next amabosyo night ..the city becomes colourful once again ,

This time not only with light but also with sound..chaina lights used to grab the time of kali puja, people become busy for buying several,,, diwali meterials and gift,,, people calls the tarabati ,chorki,ronmoshal r the most common thing in this puja.

With Diwali just a few days away, markets and streets across the city are illuminated with a wide range of decorative lights, diyas, candles and lanterns. While hawkers attract potential customers with a display of colourful and flashing bulbs and LEDs, push-carts and shops sell handmade mitti diyas side-by-side, which, despite an increase in their prices, continue to remain the staple choice of most families. Customers are also spoilt for choice with plenty of...

Kali puja is also done during three days.some of the people do laxmi puja also in the span of these days

· bhaidhuj

Finally bhai fota comes .. it c=is called in bengali that” bhai er kopale dilam phota,jomer duare porlo kata , every bengali girl pray for their brother the complititing this.nowadays people smiles and says “gift de phota debo “
there are so many orphen people or the people who don’t have any won sister..with the initiative of the gvt. Now adays they also can get bhaifota.
tollywood hero Prosenjit Chatterjee takes bhai fota from his actress sister Pallavi chatterjee, said ”what is my blessings… I will definatly say be thiner “

Another actor said.” We can get our sis for few year ..because after few years they will get married ,nobody can give that asssurity where will they stay,wheather there is a posibility of bhai fota or not. So I from my side enjoy it a lot”

Finally entire festive mood comes to an end… people used to wait a more or less a year.

· Hording,poster ,baricade shooping pandal making shows puja asche

· Idols are done diligently and methodically by the artisans.

· Puja duration

· Voice of puja , Birendra krisna bhadra

· pandals are constructed to venerate the Goddess Durga

· puja pandal hopping

· eating out

· puja and advertisement,awards,compitions

· sidur khela to abar esho ma

· worship of godess laxmi

· festival of light and sound

· bhai er kopale dilam phota


Soumya Roy


3rd Semester



“A dog is the only thing on earth that loves you more than he loves himself.” - Josh Billings

It is no wonder then that dogs are the most preferred choice of pet. In many homes they are treated just like a family member. They have their own towels, bowls, toys and even Facebook and twitter accounts. Dogs have been the sidekick and the star of many memorable films and cartoons. They’ve also been given the title of ‘man’s best friend’.

clip_image004Though according to WHO, there are more than 200 million stray dogs worldwide. In Kolkata itself there are about 40,000 stray dogs, starving and diseased. For them every day is a fight for survival. They are kicked around with nowhere to go. They eat whatever they find rummaging through the garbage. They are almost never loved. They don’t even make it to the list of desired breed of pet dogs.


Most people would rather splurge on a fancy breed than spare some to feed the neighbourhood dogs. Many such ‘dog lovers’, who buy pure breds wouldn’t welcome a street clip_image007dog into their homes let alone their hearts. Such double standards exist at all levels in our society. Therefore it leaves us with a situation. A situation, where thousands of dogs roam the streets with no proper food, shelter or vaccination. Thus the problem of rabies crop up. Rabies kills about 20,000 people in India annually. It is usually the street children who adopt the strays as pets thus exposing themselves to the virus.

clip_image009There aren’t enough animal shelters to take in all or even most of them. These shelters, most of them run by NGOs, lack financial backing and not many people can spare their time for such a cause. The Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) being the local authority should be responsible for taking care of this situation. They, on the flip side, allegedly ill treat them.

A major part of the money allotted for this cause is pocketed by corrupt officials. The dog pounds remain unhygienic and ill equipped. Sometimes the dogs are left to fight amongst themselves for their share of food. They are neglected and sometimes also refused vaccination in the pounds.

Then there is the “stray dogs are a menace” notion. The strays sometimes unknowingly wander in other dogs’ territories and fights ensue. This results in passers by getting bitten or chased. They create a lot of ruckus and scare off pet dogs. They overturn garbage bins. Thus, most citizens want them eradicated. But killing is not the solution. Firstly, dogs also have a right to live. Secondly, if once the dogs in an area are killed, the dogs from other areas will come and make it their territory. So we are back to square one.

clip_image010Christopher Hitchens said that if we provide a dog with food, shelter and affection they will think we are gods. Small communities or groups could collectively adopt dogs.

Each member could assume partial responsibility in caring for them. People could put together whatever food they can spare and feed them. They can also pool in their resources and make temporary shelters for them. Every college, school and local club should adopt stray dogs. Children should be taught to be compassionate towards them. This is an issue that requires sensitivity. We must accept the fact that they’re a part of our society and must treat them well.


Soumika Das


3rd Semester